BIM IN THE HOUSING SECTOR
The BIM methodology was initially more focused on large construction projects, so its implementation began in large companies, more focused on large-scale projects, to take advantage of the control of the project and automation of production. But what advantages can it offer to projects of a smaller scale, such as single-family housing?
The common advantages of the BIM system are equally exploited by all types of construction projects: greater control over the project, its definition, its costs and deadlines, etc., and the automation of production, which saves time in repetitive tasks.
Control over the project is one of the main advantages of BIM, whether for a large project or a home. Deviations of budgets and costs are minimized, which has a positive impact on the particular customer. The automation of the production entails a time saving that can be used in other stages of the project. In this way, project efforts can be focused at the design stage and not at the production stage.
This focus of resources in the design stage, together with the automation of production, allows the architect to obtain projects of higher quality, more worked, and with all its aspects contemplated in this first stage, without leaving unresolved issues in construction phase, as it has happened frequently in the past. Tools such as automatic sections, 360º views, and others, allow for greater attention to detail, fundamental in a housing project.
All these advantages, coupled with real-time access to a virtual model that is true to reality, results in better communication with the client, as well as a greater involvement of the client in the definition of the project. Housing is possibly the kind of project in which this need becomes more evident: the client is both the one who finances the project and who is going to enjoy it later. For most people, their home is going to be the biggest investment they make, and then they will use it every day for the rest of their lives. Therefore, with the help of new tools such as virtual tours or 360º visualizations, with a language more understandable for the general public, the client can have a greater involvement in the project, making communication between architect and client more fluid.